Learning to Read
Learning to read is the most important educational outcome of primary education. Reading is a complex process that builds on oral language and encompasses both specific skill development (phonemic and decoding strategies) and the use of comprehension strategies. Current research informs us that there are 6 major components of an effective reading program. These are:
· Oral language – provides the foundation for learning to read
· Vocabulary – is a key component of reading for meaning
· Phonological Awareness - is a broad term that refers to the ability to focus on the sounds of speech as opposed to its meaning, and it has a number of different levels or components
· Phonics – the relationship between sounds and letters – the “alphabetic code” or the system that the English language uses to map sounds onto paper. This is taught sequentially and explicitly at our school using “Jolly Phonics”
· Fluency –the point at which “learning to read” transforms into “reading to learn”.
· Comprehension – the reason for reading!